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How Much Money Have We As A Race Have Spent On Cancer Research

One of the most important medical areas which are most researched is cancer. It is a global health issue which has no cure if detected in its last stages as early diagnosis is not much possible but has improved over the years. Cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide and therefore it is important to focus on the medical research of cancer. The research can transform lives and the goal is to develop safe methods to detect, prevent, treat, and finally cure the disease. As lack of knowledge restricts the possibilities for concluding anything there one of the main aspects of finding a cure or even treatment for cancer is to have sufficient knowledge about the disease. The cancer research can be broadly divided into the following:

  • Basic research which involves the study of animals, cells, genes and the basic molecular changes that occur in cancer. It is also referred to as lab research or preclinical research.
  • Translational research which involves research of the application discoveries in the laboratory to clinical practice. It is generally referred to as moving advances from bench to bedside.
  • Clinical research or the application of treatments and procedures in the patients by conducting clinical trials.
  • Population research or the study of causes and patterns that occur in cancer and evaluation of the risks.

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But all these researches are impossible without funding and financial aid. This financial aid comes from the government, charities and various institutions which work towards raising funds for cancer research. The National Cancer Institute or NCI is the federal government’s principal agency for cancer research and training. It reports how funds are spent based on various classifications such as cancer sites, cancer types and conditions related to cancer.

  • The Financial Year 2016 has shown funds available to NCI which was 4.952.6 billion dollars reflecting an increase of 5% from the previous year.
  • Each year Cancer Research UK raises almost £650 million majorly from the public donations.
  • But according to the annual report, only 61% of last year’s total expenditure of the£658 million was used in the cancer research and the remaining was spent on activities such as fundraising and overheads.
  • Specific plastic surgery clinics help recovering cancer patients look back to their old self
  • Majority of this money is spent on pursuing the dead ends and the new discoveries when tested in real patients fails.
  • In May 2016, a report showed that only 5.1% of the new and promising cancer treatments have passed the clinical trials.
  • Concluding the results to give a brief of the data collected on the funds of cancer research shows that only 1.7% of the money that is invested in the huge cancer research is likely to be spent on finding out a new drug that benefits the cancer patients.

The World Cancer Day celebrated on 4th of February encourages and is meant to generate awareness amongst people to raise more funds and thereby increasing the fund amounts for the research. We still have to go a long way to deliver the outcomes which are expected from the funds so that the fear of cancer is eliminated and sustainable health is achieved by all.

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How Many People Die Because Of Cancer Every Year

Every year people are dying because of cancer and the reason behind it is lack of proper treatment. There is a rise in the number of cancer patients in recent years. A cancer patient has to suffer a lot because its treatment is expensive and the patient has to bear pain while the chemotherapy. According to the stages, patients have suffered. Cancer is spreading like plaque and there are not so successful ways to stop it. Around 30% of the population is affected by cancer every year. The government has been making strategies to overcome the disease.

Causes of cancer are many and to know the main causes of cancer are discussed below:

 

Tobacco:

Chewing of tobacco can cause cancer and it is dangerous for health. People are aware of the warning mentioned in the pack of tobacco but they don’t usually bother about it. From minor to adults both are chewing tobacco on a large scale.

Smoking:

Smoking causes cancer this thing everybody knows. People smoke 10 to 15 cigarette every day. Smoke which the person inhales gets choked inside the lungs. This smoke is converted into tar which causes cancer.

Genetics:

The genetics problem is also the cause of cancer sometimes. Poor genetics leads to cancer if the body is exposed to such bacteria’s

Different age groups are affected by cancer from kids to adult. Unhealthy lifestyle is also the cause of cancer. In countries where a measure to treat or control cancer is not present, a count of people dying every year is increasing. People who are above the age of fifty are in the top category of death caused by cancer. In some countries, doctors have achieved success in curing cancer.

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Other causes apart from smoking and genetics there is a number of causes which leads to cancer:

 

Industrial waste:

the waste dumped by the industries into the sea or land causes the toxic chemicals to mix up in water and decay on the land. The chemicals are swallowed by the fishes or creatures in the sea which are eaten by humans. People are affected in many different ways and suffer from cancer in most cases.

Food adulteration:

in the past quality of food was genuine and adorable but as the time passed most food items are being adulterated. Body immunity is effected in a negative way because the lack of nutrients is present in the food because of adulteration. People are prone to such bacteria easily and caught cancer.

Chances of getting affected by cancer can be minimized if you live a healthy lifestyle and put emphasis on eating good quality food. You should not visit the polluted area often and also check the quality of food before having it. Visiting hospitals and getting a full body checkup can keep you notified about the present status of the body. Proper knowledge is being given to people of rural areas about cancer. From elders to minors everybody has to take initiative to overcome this disease.

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